TURKEY STILL NEW AGAIN we discover REGION REGION
THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION
B.C. Xanthos, the capital of Lycia dating back to 3000s, is known as the biggest administrative center of Lycia in ancient times. Included in the World Heritage List with Xanthos in 1988, Letoon was one of the most important religious centers of antiquity. The archaeological value of Xanthos and Letoon makes them a very important part of world heritage. The sites are about 4 km away and contain stone inscriptions on which the longest and most important writings in the Lycian language are written.
Xanthos, which was the capital of Lycian dating back to 3000s BC, is known to be the largest administrative center of Lycia during antiquity. Letoon, which was inscribed on the World Heritage List together with Xanthos in 1988, was one of the most prominent religious centers in antiquity.
The archaeological value of Xanthos and Letoon make them very important parts of world heritage. The sites are about 4 km apart and they include the stone inscriptions on which the longest and the most important scripts in Lycian language are written.
Pamukkale - Hierapolis
The sacred Phrygian Hierapolis, one of the ancient cities of the Aegean, entered the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1988.
Pergamon King of Hierapolis City II. It is believed to have been founded by Eumenes in the 2nd century BC and named after Hiera, the wife of Telephos, the legendary founder of Bergama. Kent BC. In 129, it was attached to the Asian Province of the Roman Empire and was ruled by proconsuls. Hierapolis, which lived its heyday between 96 and 162 AD, was included in the Phrygian Pakatian in the 3rd century AD.
Hierapolis, which played one of the most important roles in the spread of Christianity in Anatolia, is also the city where Saint Philippus, one of the twelve apostles of the Prophet Jesus, was killed. For this reason, it was declared a religious center in the 4th century AD in his memory, then took the title of Guide of the East and passed to the Eastern Roman Empire in AD 395 and became the episcopal center.
The unique meeting of nature and history in Hierapolis, which means "Sacred City" in Pamukkale, necropolis, Domitian Gate, theater where many mythological scenes are represented, Frontinus Street, agora, North Byzantine Gate, gymnasium, triton fountain building, Apollon Sanctuary , water channels and nympheums, city walls, St. Philippus Martyrium and Bridge, Direkli Church, cathedral and Roman Bath ruins can be seen.
Between 2010 and 2013, St. As a result of the excavations carried out in the Church of St. Philippus, the tomb of St. Philip was unearthed. In addition, Plutonium (Hell's Gate) was discovered to the south of the Apollon Sanctuary.
The sacred Hierapolis of Phrygia, one of the antique cities of the Aegean, was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1988. The ancient city of Hierapolis is believed to have been founded by Eumenies II, the King of Pergamum, in the 2nd century BC, and to have been named after Hiera, the beautiful wife of Telephos, the legendary founder of Pergamon.
The city was attached to the Asia province of Roman Empire in 129 BC and administrated by proconsuls. The city saw its most brilliant years between 96 and 162 AD and it was attached to Pisidia Pacatiana in the 3rd century AD.
Göreme National Park and Cappadocia - Nevsehir
The Cappadocia region bordered by Kızılırmak in the north, Yeşilhisar in the east, Hasan and Melendiz Mountains in the south, Aksaray in the west and Kırşehir in the northwest has been a permanent settlement area since the Chalcolithic Period. The most important feature of the area is the extraordinary rock shapes formed by the tuffs of Erciyes Mountain and Hasan Mountain as a result of wind and water erosion and the rock carving places that are warm in winter and cool in summer and therefore have suitable internal climate conditions for all seasons. Goreme, especially 7-13. It has become an important center of Christianity with the settlement of Christians who escaped from oppression for centuries. Among the areas included in the UNESCO World Heritage List are Göreme National Park, Derinkuyu and Kaymaklı Underground Cities, Karain Pigeons, Karlık Church, Yeşilöz Theodoro Church and Soğanlı Archeological Site.
Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia (1985)
Göreme National Park and Cappadocia were inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1985 as 7 parts: Göreme National Park, Derinkuyu Underground City, Kaymaklı Underground City, Karlık Church, Theodore Church, Karain Columbaries and Soğanlı Archaeological Site.
The most significant feature of Göreme National Park and Rock Cut Cappadocia Region is the existence of a plenty of fairy-chimneys, formed by the wind and the rain water. The columbaries on the high slopes of Soğanlı, Zelve and Üzengi Valleys, and the monk cells carved in the depths of the valleys add value to the site.
The Bosphorus and the part surrounded by the Marmara Sea in the south is known as the "Historical Peninsula" today. The city has always been very important for the civilizations that have ruled the city throughout its history, due to its strategic location that connects Europe and Asia. With these features, the city has been the capital of great empires such as Rome, Eastern Rome and the Ottoman Empire.
Bringing together different religions, cultures, communities and their products in a unique geography with this magnificent past, Istanbul was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List as 4 regions in 1985. These; Sultanahmet Urban Archaeological Site, which includes the Hippodrome, Hagia Sophia, Hagia Irene, Little Hagia Sophia Mosque and Topkapı Palace; Süleymaniye Protection Area, which includes the Süleymaniye Mosque and its surroundings; It includes the Zeyrek Protection Area, which includes the Zeyrek Mosque and its surroundings, and the Istanbul Land Walls Protection Area.
Historic Areas of Istanbul 1985
The Historic Areas of İstanbul, situated on a peninsula surrounded by the Sea of Marmara, Boğaziçi (Bosphorus), and Haliç (Golden Horn), were inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985.
Istanbul is the only city situated on two continents in the world. The Historic Areas of Istanbul are represented by four main areas: Sultanahmet Archaeological Park, Süleymaniye Conservation Area, Zeyrek Conservation Area and Land Walls Conservation Area. These areas differ from each other in terms of the periods and characteristics of the cultural properties that they house, and they display the urban history of İstanbul.
EAST ANATOLIA REGION
Divriği Great Mosque and Hospital: The place where stone turns into art
Divriği Great Mosque and Hospital, which was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985 as a cultural asset, is the first architectural structure in Turkey to be included in this list. Built in the 13th century by Ahmet Şah and his wife Melike Turan from the Mengücekli Principality, this masterpiece consisting of a two-domed mosque, a hospital and a tomb is among the most beautiful examples of Anatolian traditional stonework.
Divriği Great Mosque, which took shape in 1228 in the hands of its architect Ahlatlı Hürremşah, is a unique work in terms of plan type and ornamental features. Darüşşifa, a two-storey building with a courtyard and an iwan built adjacent to the mosque, has unique features as a hospital where patients regain their health with the sound of water.
Ulu Mosque and Hospital have a simple architectural appearance from the outside. However, Darüşşifa Crown Gate, Mosque North Crown Gate, Mosque Western Crown Gate and Shah Mahfili Crown Gate are each a dazzling architectural and engineering marvel with their unique decorations.
The three-dimensional, asymmetrical, vegetative and geometric figures on all the crown gates of the building are enthusiastically processed in high relief technique close to sculpture with a unique understanding of depiction.
BLACK SEA REGION
Safranbolu: An Original Example of Tradition
Safranbolu takes visitors on a historical journey with its unspoiled historical texture and houses.
Safranbolu, one of Turkey's first values to enter the UNESCO World Heritage List, has been on this list since 1994.
Saffron, which is one of the most expensive spices in the world and gives its name to the settlement, is grown in Safranbolu.
Safranbolu, whose known history goes back to 3000 BC, is located in a region dominated by Hittites, Phrygians, Lydians, Persians, Hellenistic Kingdoms, Romans, Seljuks, Cobanogullari, Candarogullari and Ottomans respectively.
Safranbolu, which gained its current structure in the 17th and 18th centuries, draws attention with its quality that develops in accordance with the Turkish city structure, grows depending on time and need, grows by adding to each other and adapts to nature and protects it.
Safranbolu Houses are one of our important values that have been formed over a period of hundreds of years and contribute to the Turkish urban culture to live today. 18th and 19th centuries in the district center. and 20th century. There are about 2000 traditional Turkish houses built at the beginning. 800 of these works are under legal protection. Houses are grouped in two separate parts of Safranbolu. The first is the section known as "City" and used for winter, the second is the section known as "Bağlar" and used as a summer residence.
Safranbolu houses provide information about Turkish traditions and lifestyle not only with their architecture but also with their locations. The houses are built in a way that does not block the view of the house next to it and does not obstruct the sun.
Cobblestone roads are known to be inclined in order to be resistant to flood waters and to minimize dampness.
SOUTHEAST ANATOLIA REGION
Diyarbakır Castle and Hevsel Gardens
At the 39th Term Meeting of the World Heritage Committee held in Bonn, Germany in 2015, it was decided to register the “Diyarbakır Walls and Hevsel Gardens Cultural Landscape Area” in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Diyarbakır Castle, Walls and Bastions are shaped in line with the needs of the civilizations, cultures and the period that prevail in the region, and live as original and original cultural assets that still maintain their originality and 7 thousand years of historical existence, and preserve an important universal heritage for world history.
Diyarbakır City Walls, one of the oldest and strongest structures in the world, have been the subject of many folk songs, mania and legends. It is one of the rare castles in the world with its magnificent reliefs and inscriptions on its bastions
Hevsel Gardens also reveal a unique value as an area open to public use throughout its history, which is located in a geography where the garden culture is very important. With its existence as a garden for 8 thousand years in a region bearing the traces of more than 30 civilizations, it has a unique place both culturally and historically, apart from its agricultural value.
The vital cooperation of Diyarbakır Castle and Hevsel Gardens and the landscape created by Hevsel Gardens are the most important factors in the uninterrupted life of the city and its gardens for thousands of years.